5 perfectly normal feelings to have about your therapist

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Feelings in therapy - Mark Ettensohn, Psy. Sacramento Psychologist

Image credit: McMillan Digital Art via Getty Images

Most people are familiar with the basics of therapy: you sit (or lie) down and talk about problematic thoughts and feelings. But what if those thoughts and feelings have to do with your therapist? What do you do if you are feeling angry, suspicious, or disappointed with your therapist? What do you do if you are having romantic feelings?

Believe it or not, people have these sorts of feelings about their therapists all the time. Perhaps even more surprisingly, they can be vital to the therapy process.

Here’s a quick rundown of feelings that often come up during the course of therapy:

This one comes up a lot. Your therapist says something that felt insensitive, looks pained or impatient, or forgets that you had a session scheduled. Suddenly, you are filled with conflicting feelings. You generally like your therapist and usually feel safe in his or her office, but now you’re not so sure. Maybe you start to wonder if you should even bother going back.

Feeling angry at your therapist can seem like a problem because many of us are raised to think that anger is bad (for more on this, see here). But anger is actually a valuable emotion (especially in the context of therapy) because it tells us that something important is happening. We feel angry because something is at stake. When it comes to therapy, this is a good thing because we want there to be something at stake. We want therapy to be important. If it wasn’t, then it is very unlikely that any meaningful growth or change would occur.

When angry feelings show up in your therapy, it is a chance to engage directly with old narratives and unhelpful relationship patterns.

Try this: Tell your therapist that you are angry. It might be scary, but any therapist worth his or her salt will be able to remain calm and inquisitive. A good therapist will see this as a chance to deepen the therapy.

I’ve lumped these two together because they are feelings that people tend to keep secret. But just like anger, talking to your therapist about suspicious or disappointed feelings can be a way of deepening the therapy.

Perhaps you are suspicious that your therapist is more interested in money than helping, or maybe you wonder if your therapist really cares. Suspicious feelings like these have a tendency to undermine the work of therapy and erode trust if they are kept secret. If you don’t share them with your therapist, then he or she has no way to disconfirm them. Perhaps more importantly, when you keep feelings secret you are effectively disabling your therapist. He or she is not able to help you make sense of your emotions or connect them to relational patterns of which you may not yet be aware. Instead of opening doors, secret feelings become a wedge between you and your therapist.

The same applies to feelings of disappointment. In my own psychotherapy, an important turning point was reached when I realized that I could openly discuss my feelings of disappointment about my therapist. It opened up an entirely new dimension in the treatment and made it possible to explore deeply held feelings (about myself and others) that had previously felt off limits.

Guilt happens when we feel we have done something wrong. Although useful in some situations, guilt can be problematic when it prevents us from making healthy choices and getting our needs met in relationships. This includes the relationship between you and your therapist.

Patients often feel guilty when they fear that they have hurt their therapist’s feelings or harmed the therapy relationship. Sometimes, such fears actually reflect unhealthy relationship dynamics in the patient’s past, where guilt was used by family members as a way to discourage open communication. Just as it is important to share angry or disappointed feelings with your therapist, it is equally important to share guilty feelings. By doing so, you can make your feelings of guilt something that can be understood and worked through in the context of your therapy relationship.

Feeling romantically attracted to your therapist can be a terrifying experience. Rest assured that such feelings are quite common and typically do not represent a threat to the therapy relationship or your relationship with a spouse or partner.

Love is complicated. It’s a single word that we use to describe a vast array of complex emotional experiences that often include gratitude, lust, idealization, and friendship. Without getting too technical, there are many reasons that these sorts of feelings might emerge in the course of treatment, and almost all of them are totally benign. Suffice it to say that sometimes we need to attach to someone very strongly in order to feel safe enough to do the emotional work that needs to be done.

First, it is important to remember that your licensed therapist has had years of training and supervision designed to help him or her work safely and ethically. It is both illegal and unethical for therapists to have sexual relationships with patients. However, discussing a patient’s feelings of love or attraction candidly can be a very important aspect of therapy. Depending on the type of therapy, this can include exploring a patient’s feelings about the therapist in detail. This is not done to gratify the therapist. Rather, it is done to help decipher the meaning behind the patient’s feelings so that they can be used in the service of the therapy. In fact, when working with these sorts of issues, it is common for therapists to seek out professional consultation or supervision in order to make sure that they are upholding the highest ethical standards.

The Bottom Line
Our emotions are complex. Most people seek therapy for help dealing with problematic thoughts and feelings, but paradoxically feel like they can’t openly discuss the ones that involve the therapist directly. Just the opposite is true. In many forms of talk therapy exploring such feelings is a vital aspect of the treatment.

In most cases, your therapist will have been trained to help you safely and productively navigate feelings of anger, suspicion, disappointment, guilt, love, or any other feeling that comes up in the course of treatment. Rest assured that for most people such feelings are transient and connected to the work being done in therapy via a phenomenon called transference. Of course, if you begin to feel unsafe discussing such feelings with your therapist (or if your therapist behaves in a manner that you think might be unethical), it may be time to find someone with whom you feel more comfortable.

And so, it is not astonishing that, though the patient enters therapy insisting that he wants to change, more often than not, what he really wants is to remain the same and to get the therapist to make him feel better.”

– Sheldon B. Kopp


  1. Kristina
    October 12, 2016

    Thank you, Dr. Ettensohn, for this insightful article.
    I have been searching for some time for what the relationship between the therapist and the patient. The reason were my own experience in therapy that made me more sick than I was before. I actually needed help to get out of the therapy (very angry, harsh, sarcastic, even putting me down, pressing, adviced me the first sessions to better go on no contact with mother, no further diagnose before of what truly had happened in my childhood). I tried to do all what he said. It did not end up well for my body. Despite that, I made quite lots of sessions. I wanted to make it through. I ended up with PTDS.
    Before all this happened, I felt very unease in the therapy, I did not know that I can choose, I can interview the therapist, feel safe…. all what I learn now (at least in theory).
    About the feelings: I did not allow myself feelings…so it was difficult to be fine with some feelings toward the therapist. I just wanted to do my job of healing down. I thought that all therapist as all doctors are basically the same.
    But, eventually, I had lots of anxiety feeling, the most dominant feeling. Usually two weeks before the session, thus all my month was done by it.
    I might have felt some anger -but usually only when the therapist refuse to give me more sessions or said something that triggered my feeling of social justice – I had the feeling that the therapist is socially on the other spectrum and it is important to him, at least he often raised this issue. I never reacted. Also it was linked with him telling me “I was poor” (because I got sick), thus more sessions are not needed or I shall take my money and go somewhere else. It was shocking to me, but I thought that when I will make the objection that I don´t want to speak about politics or even see things differently, that he will throw me completely away and I will stay without any help (my deepest concern and experience).
    the thing is that he was the only “mental” oriented therapist in my area, that time, there was a big shortage).
    Mistrust/suspicion showed up that the therapist wants only money and as he does not see me as “eligibile” (but continues to ask at the end of the session “so, next session, I have time….”), he wants me only for the money.
    I feel guilt, but mainly fear that raising this issue will have some repercussions for me…that the therapist might “get it” when I am not happy with the therapy today…even though I am no longer seeing him. Also I have the guilt to disappoint him, not to have been helped by his therapy (the only thing that makes me think that I was not abused “on purpose”, just by unskillful person who was not interested in my story).
    The true guilt or insatisfaction is that I did not tell any of those things in the therapy. Because the harshness and ambivalence, the distance of the therapist made me so scared of showing my anger, my mistrust.
    Love- not sure, he was a guy almost in retirement (at least I think so), I had kind of admiration for his “mind”…but maybe I was mistaken. I had never had a father or a father figure, thus it would have been good to have some kind of fathering.
    It might have been a love for the father.
    Perhaps the last session, before I left, (basically, I was being thrown out, I guess: he hang down the phone with the question “So sick” ?, no asking me for another session when I was sick and called in to excuse myself),
    I told him that I don´t trust him. There was not much reaction. No verbal one.
    The therapist only moved with his body. When I finally asked what was his qualification prior being a psychologist, he said that it was gestalt therapy, but his supervisor was an analytic. I don´t understand the form of therapies, thus it did not bring me much, but not sure that the reaction of the therapist towards me was “part of the gestalt therapy”. Only today, I am thinking that my borderline family might have behaved the same way….only I received no explanation from the therapist (perhaps it was the “exposure therapy”).
    Maybe I should not spend time thinking about whether the therapist did it right, what kind of therapy it was applied to me
    or whether I am a “good, healing” patient or whether I failed. I see that I am excusing the therapist and covering up for him, as for my parents.
    Maybe speaking about my feelings to the therapist was also not so good for me.

    On the whole, I deeply regret today that I stayed there for so long. I became much more distrustful of therapies.
    I do my therapy myself since that. Not a good idea., but I am scared of experiencing again some terror in therapy.
    I had found a good coach, thanks to a friend of mine, but it is not a therapy, but I am learning the secure attachment and not being that terrified of the therapists.
    I am quite amazed when I am learning past one year almost that there can be a different way.

    I´d like to ask whether the therapist, e.g. in the psychodynamics therapies, should ask the patient how he/she feels, how it fits, whether it works ? (evaluation).
    I am thinking that this could have been the only thing that would have helped me to say to the therapist that I was so anxious in the therapy .

    Thank you.

    • Lynda
      April 17, 2017

      Hi, Kristina,

      I wish the best for you. I am glad that you are finding that not all people are the same, though I understand from your experience with that therapist you saw before that you could have mistrust of therapy and therapists in general. I am glad you decided to stop seeing him.

      • suntanning
        September 21, 2017

        It is ironic you did not read or at least respond to Krisina’s last couple sentences.

        In my opinion, the therapist should bring up (Kristina said evaluations) at every session. This could be as simple as how are you feeling in therapy? do you feel it is working for you? Do u have feelings about me the therapist…good and bad? It is good to bring this from the therapist (especially if the therapist feels the client is resistant or suspicious or scared) and if a therapist cannot decipher that perhaps they are not good at their jobs.
        Kristina seems like an intelligent person, very expressive but yet she was scared to bring up her feelings of disappoint, guilt to the therapist cause it feels like you go into your boss’ office and say, hey listen Jack, I feel when you say this or do that this way and I want to talk about it….impossible…or very very difficult in most cases. However, any boss, can call you in to his office and tell you some performance issues of yours. That is their job.

        A therapist does not need to tell you about your performance but perhaps they can evaluate their performance with the client and open the dialogue a way that makes the client feel safe enough to criticize and still be OK. Most therapists have so many issues and weak egos that they think if they find out the client hates them they will quite…GUESS WHAT? they will quit no matter what if you bring it or not. So it is better and more beneficial for the therapist who has nothing to lose in this situation to bring it up difficult feelings conversation.

        To be in therapy means for the masses not able to confront difficult feelings about people…and almost every therapist who has a blog says like a bird, the client must bring the difficult conversation! baloney! no wonder people quite therapy so often without explanation.

        I resisted my therapist for a long time cause i was unable to bring up how wrong they were…finally when I did, I actually stopped having anxiety and they explained themselves good without raising their voices and I felt no high blood pressure or heart bumping…it did not even feel like confrontation. But I brought it up…right before I left this therapist….and I can see clearly many people would just walk away as they do in their lives.

        You are professional, secure in your ability, create a space for unfinished business and use direct and simple words to say tell me when I do something you feel is wrong.

        • Bob
          July 3, 2018

          This was a BS article. You said nothing new or different than anything ever said before. Typical … lots of talk with no real solutions being offered. You just repackaged it and found someone to publish it. Congratulations.

          • Dr. Ettensohn
            July 3, 2018

            Sorry you feel that way, Bob. I hope you find what you’re looking for.

  2. Dianne
    March 17, 2017

    So if I tell my therapist I’m angry-she’s awesome, has already suggested I am, and I denied it justvlike I deny all feelings–then what? What do I do with the feelings that come up? She was justified in her actions–she called a welfare check after I wouldn’t commit to being safe. My anger feels unjustified. She’s bound by law to do what she did and she truly cares.

  3. Lynda
    April 17, 2017

    I have a great therapist. I feel safe with her, and that she cares about me. I can show my feelings with her, and I am not judged. My block, though, is in telling her that I love her. It is so anxiety provoking that I have been unable to utter the words. I understand that it’s normal and is called transference, and it can be a very powerful connection that can be beneficial to the therapeutic relationship. I keep thinking that I should just leave it alone and it will work itself out, but then I sometimes think that maybe it won’t be worked out until I can say it. I want to. She has a lot of experience as a therapist, and I believe that I can tell her and she won’t be mad or upset with me, logically, but emotions are not logical, and fear (anxiety) is present anyway.

  4. Suzanne
    August 24, 2018

    I wish my niece could find a therapist she feels safe with, She’s been to many. She doesn’t have good insurance. Some of the better therapists are less affordable. Not everyone would agree, I know that for sure.At some point, people have to do some of this on their own.Oh, she doesn’t have a diagnosis, that can make a big difference.They used to say general anxiety fo insurence purposes.

  5. ElizabethCa
    July 5, 2019

    I have had 8 different therapists. Not a single one ever responded positively to anything like this. Rather the responses are to try to reinforce the idea that my feelings are a symptom of what’s wrong with me. Therapists tend to reinforce the idea that it’s not ok to question or disagree with the therapist. They may not get angry, but in my experience any disagreement is pathologized in a way that excludes the idea that the client might have a point.

    For an example: the therapist wanted to do CBT with me. I didn’t feel comfortable with the presentation of it. I felt like it was just substituting in a different form of absolute thinking. I’d been in an abusive relationship before and I felt that it was labelling my recognition of being in a bad situation and unable to fix the relationship as a distortion. But when I raised those concerns the therapist just told me that therapy wouldn’t work unless I cooperated and maybe I wasn’t ready for therapy. I’ve found that to be the pretty much universal response.

    • Dr. Ettensohn
      October 11, 2019

      Maybe CBT wasn’t the right approach for you. IMHO, a good therapist will be able to roll with the often complicated thoughts and feelings that treatment stirs up. I hope you are able to find someone who’s a good fit for you.

  6. ml farrell
    July 7, 2019

    Talking to the woman I hired was a complete waste of time. Therapy was an expensive waste. The woman became defensive and dismissive

    • Dr. Ettensohn
      October 11, 2019

      I am very sorry that you didn’t have a good experience.

  7. Dylan Peterson
    August 29, 2019

    I appreciate how you said that guilt is a normal feeling to experience after you think you’ve hurt your therapist’s feelings. My daughter has some anxiety issues, and she wants to see a psychologist so that she can find a way to successfully cope with it. I’ll share this information with her so that she knows that feeling guilty for some things is normal while in therapy.

  8. m
    December 4, 2019

    I really enjoyed your article. I do have a question and no one else to ask. I have postpartum anxiety and depression. My therapist said that its ok for me to have the feelings I do, but the feelings I have are wrong. She gives me exercises to do like writing people who upset me a letter or trying to spend time with those whom I feel are mistreating me, etc. But never to actually do anything like give said person the letter I wrote or confront the person who is putting me down. So I just leave feeling like I just vented to myself which is the same as thinking only out loud. My question is should I continue seeing this person and confront them about my dislike of the exercises or should I just move on and find someone else who will help me actually resolve the issues I have? Thank you in advance for simply reading this. I feel heard simply by having this avenue to reach for help through

    • Dr. Ettensohn
      December 5, 2019

      Hi M – Id say it depends on whether or not you think your therapist would be receptive to your feedback. If you think they would, then I would encourage you to bring it up. If you don’t think they would be receptive, then I’d encourage you to consider finding someone who helps you feel safe enough to be honest about all of your feelings – including those that are about your therapy/therapist.

  9. Ann
    March 2, 2020

    I have been seeing a therapist, and have had several issues about my therapy. When I bring them up to her, she does listen attentively, but it is like she just dismisses it. She doesn’t address it in depth. I feel like I am in the position of auditing her or something on how good a therapist she is, then putting together my notes and making a performance review on her. That is too much to do, when I am looking to her for help myself. It seems therapists have a job with virtually no supervision, so they can operate as they please. I mean, I’m sure the majority are careful about certain things. But what about their success rates at helping people. What about how much work do they put into helping figure out and address problems. Basically I am going now, to just hear myself speak to another person. Then have that person write down a bunch of cliche words that match up with what they think I am going through. I have tried to give her feedback, but I try to do it gently. I feel if I went all out and told her some of her failings, I would truly hurt her irreparably. I think there should be a performance status review by the patient every 6 months or so, that the therapist goes through. And hopefully a supervisor too. The power imbalance is way too great, and where are the checks and balances, other than find a different therapist.

    • Dr. Ettensohn
      May 13, 2020

      Your complaints are well-received. Mental health is not a hard science. Many clinicians belong to case consultation groups and seek out their own supervision/consultation for difficult or challenging cases. Licensing boards do require ongoing CEs to renew licenses, but it’s easy to “phone it in” using online courses. I would recommend that you give your therapist whatever feedback you feel would improve your experience. Either she can take it or she can’t. If she falls apart, as you fear, then at least you know you need to find a different therapist.


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